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Muskingum River as boundary

January 18, 2014
The Marietta Times

Many years passed before Europeans got control of the Ohio River and its tributaries. Immediately after the French and Indian War ended in 1763, Ottawa Chief Pontiac and his allies, in rebellion against the British victory, set the frontiers of America ablaze. They, too, lost and had little choice but to reach an agreement with the King's representatives at Fort Stanwix (near Rome, N.Y.). The Treaty of Fort Stanwix of 1768 was disastrous for the Iroquois and their western vassals. With the stroke of a pen, the Six Nations relinquished their claim to a huge area south of the Ohio River and as far west as the mouth of the Tennessee River (Paducah, Ky.), making the Ohio River the official property boundary between Native Americans to the north and British subjects to the south. Western tribes, especially the Delaware and Shawnee, lost their hunting grounds south of the river. The treaty allowed white settlements south of the Ohio River in what is now West Virginia and Kentucky long before there were any in Ohio.



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